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Monday, July 28, 2014

Food & Agriculture | Animal Biotechnology

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BioBytes: Biotechnology and Endangered Animals
What do pandas, bantengs, and panthers have in common? Their populations have all been assisted by biotechnology. Whether endangered, or unhealthy due to a lack of biodiversity, advances in biotechnology including animal cloning and assisted reproductive technologies, have helped these animals, and many others, to increase their populations, become healthier, and enjoy a more genetically diverse environment.


BioBytes: Genetically Engineered Animals
Disease resistant animals, environmentally friendly livestock, pharmaceuticals produced by goats - are these really possible? With the help of biotechnology, scientists are discovering new ways to genetically engineer animals to not only help them become resistant to deadly diseases and reduce their carbon footprint, but also to produce proteins used in pharmaceuticals to treat blood clots, malaria, hemophilia, and arthritis.

Genetically Engineered Animals :: Animal Cloning

Animals such as livestock, poultry, fish, insects companion animal, and laboratory animals, are playing a growing role in the advancement of biotechnology. Combining animals and biotechnology results in advances in: human health, animal health and welfare, and environmental and conservation benefits.

Animal biotechnology includes all animals: livestock, poultry, fish, insects, companion animals and laboratory animals. Applications developed through research have led to the emergence of three scientific agricultural animal biotechnology sectors: animal genomics, animal cloning, genetic engineering of animals.

What is Animal Biotechnology (September 2010)
Biotechnology provides new tools for improving human health and animal health and welfare and increasing livestock productivity. Biotechnology improves the food we eat - meat, milk and eggs.
Learn more about animal biotechnology

Genetically Engineered Animals

FDA Set VMAC Meeting to Consider Genetically Engineered (GE) Salmon

AquaBounty Technologies has been working approximately 15 years towards FDA approval of GE salmon. These GE salmon include a gene from the Chinook salmon, which provides the fish with the potential to grow to market size in half the time of conventional salmon. In all other respects, these GE Salmon are identical to conventional Atlantic salmon. For more information check out our salmon resource center.

What is genetic engineering?
What animals are being genetically engineered? Get all the answers here with our
frequently asked questions.

What are Genetically Engineered (GE) Animals?
A genetically engineered (GE) animal is one which has had a deliberate modification made to its genome. Genetic engineering allows scientists to precisely transfer beneficial genes from one species to another.
Read and print out our flyer

Facts about GE Animals
Get the facts about GE animals

BIO Guidance for Genetically Engineered Animal Stewardship
The mission of BIO's Animal Policy Committee Stewardship Initiative is to institute and promote guidelines for the development and use of GE animals, which promote good animal welfare, enhance industry credibility, and comply with current regulatory requirements. This Guidance provides information for the development and implementation of stewardship programs for product developers that plan to engage in research, development and commercialization of GE animals.
Read the Guidelines

Genetically Engineered Animals and the Public Health
A report on the benefits for health care, nutrition, the environment, and animal welfare.
Read the report

BIO's Correspondence with Regulatory Agencies Regarding GE Animals

External Resources
Get the Facts From FDA
What is the FDA saying about genetically engineered animals, check out their page.

Animal Cloning

EU Cloning Proposal Shows Disregard for Science
A European Commission report released today proposes a temporary suspension of animal cloning for food production in the European Union, disregarding science that has been firmly established for years, and depriving European farmers of access to technology which is benefitting animal production around the globe.
Read the news release

Animal Biotechnology: All About Animal Cloning (September 2010)
Cloning is the most recent evolution of selective assisted breeding in animal husbandry. Cloning animals is a reliable way of reproducing superior livestock genetics and ensuring herds are maintained at the highest quality possible.
Read more about animal cloning

Animal Cloning Fact Sheet (January 2008)
Livestock cloning is the most recent evolution of selective assisted breeding in animal husbandry, a practice dating back to the dawn of time. Arab sheikhs first used artificial insemination (AI) in horses as early as the 14th century. In the last 50 years, techniques such as in vitro fertilization, embryo transfer, embryo splitting, and blastomere nuclear transfer have become commonplace - providing farmers, ranchers and pet enthusiasts with powerful tools for breeding the best animals.
Read the fact sheet

Frequently Asked Questions about Animal Cloning (January 2008)
Cloning is an assisted reproductive technology that allows livestock breeders to create identical twins of their best animals. This breeding technique does not change the genetic makeup of the animal. The most common procedure used today is known as somatic cell nuclear transfer (SCNT), which makes it possible to produce many animals from a single donor.
Read the fact sheet

Demystifying Animal Cloning (December 28, 2006)
Cloning is one of several assisted reproductive technologies, including artificial insemination and embryo transfer, that allows farmers and other producers to replicate their best animals. The most common procedure today is known scientifically as somatic cell nuclear transfer (SCNT).
Read the fact sheet

FDA Publications on Animal Cloning (January 15, 2008)

Learn about the Animal Clone Tracking Program at CloneSafety.org (December 19, 2007)
"CloneSafety.org is committed to providing the public and the press with timely and accurate information about animal cloning that is backed by rigorous scientific research."
Check out the web site

Comments to the European Food Safety Authority (May 29, 2007)
Implications of animal cloning on food safety, animal health and welfare and the environment.
Read the comments (53 KB PDF)

Comments to the FDA (May 3, 2007)
Re: Docket No. 2003N-0573; Department of Health and Human Services, Food and Drug Administration; Draft Animal Cloning Risk Assessment; Proposed Risk Management Plan; Draft Guidance for Industry; 72 Fed. Reg. 136 (January 3, 2007)
Read the comments (60 KB PDF)

A Consumer Tool Kit Explaining Livestock Cloning - Points for Retailers to Provide to Consumers
Cloning is an assisted reproductive technique that produces an animal that is an identical twin of an existing animal.
Read the points (70 KB PDF)

BIO Statement: BIO Urges FDA Release of Risk Assessment on Animal Cloning (December 19, 2007)
Letter to the dairy industry urging support for the U.S. Food and Drug Administration's release of the final risk assessment on animal cloning.
Read the Letter (112 KB PDF)

BIO Letter to Agriculture Secretary Mike Johanns(November 28, 2006)
BIO urges support from the U.S. Department of Agriculture for FDAs release of the final risk assessment on animal cloning.
Read the Letter (73 KB PDF)

Cloning Recommendation before the National Organic Standards Board (March 16, 2007)
Livestock clones and their progeny can be raised in accordance with the Organic Foods Production Act (OFPA), specifically 7 USC 6502 Definitions, 6504 National standards for organic production, and 6509 Animal production practices and materials.
Read the comments (71 KB PDF)

Livestock Cloning: Commercial Applications, Consumer Benefits (April 11, 2006)
A Panel from the BIO Annual Convention 2006
Slides in PDF:

  • Christopher Galen, Sr. VP, Communications, National Milk Producers Federation
  • Jan Merks, Director, Institute for Pig Genetics and European Forum of Farm Animal Breeders
  • Mark Walton, President, ViaGen, Inc.
  • Leah Wilkinson, Director, Food Safety, National Cattlemen's Beef Association
Audio synchronized with the presentations is available from SoftConference




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